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Benefits Plans - Retirement Savings Plans: 403(b) SRA and 457(b) Limits

IRS Contribution Limits for 2014

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has set the following limits for contributing to 403(b) and 457(b) plans for 2014. The limit on 403(b) and 457(b) elective deferrals are $17,500 for each plan, or $23,000 for each plan for employees age 50 and older. The table below references the Internal Revenue Code (IRC).



Eligible employees may make elective deferrals of up to $17,500 to a 403(b) plan for 2014. Two catch-ups are also available which may raise the limit if you qualify:

  • AGE 50 CATCH-UP: Employees turning 50 and older in 2014 may contribute an additional $5,500.
  • 15-YEAR CATCH-UP: Employees with 15 or more cumulative years of service at U-M, whose lifetime 403(b) contributions average less than $5,000 per year of service,  may be eligible for an increase of up to $3,000 per year, with a lifetime cap of up to $15,000. The average is recalculated at the end of each year; you may lose this catch-up if your increased contributions cause your average to go over $5,000.

Caps the amount you may contribute between your 403(b) Basic Plan, SRA, and Roth SRA contributions. The University match is a 401(a) plan so it does not count toward this limit. Pay special attention to this limit if you make contributions through another job in the same calendar year.


Caps eligible earnings at $260,000 for the purpose of providing contributions as a percent of salary ($385,000 for pre-1996 grandfathered participants).

If your 2014 salary exceeds this amount, Basic Plan contributions are suspended and resume in January 2015.


Caps total contributions to a 403(b) defined contribution retirement plan to the lesser of 100% of an employee’s compensation or $52,000.

This limit may affect you if you participate in another retirement plan in addition to the U-M plan. For details see IRC 415(c) Limit.


Employees may contribute up to $17,500 to a 457(b) plan entirely separate from the Basic and SRA plans. This plan also provides a $5,500 catch-up for employees turning 50 or older in 2014.

The limits on 457(b) and 403(b) contributions are entirely separate; you can max out both.

If You Reach These Limits

The IRS imposes penalties for exceeding these limits, so U-M Payroll/Benefits systems track your year-to-date contributions. If you reach the limit, any further contributions are suspended for the remainder of the year and resume in January. However, U-M cannot track any contributions you make through another employer’s retirement plan, so it is your own responsibility to account for contributions to the following plan types:

  • 403(b)
  • 401(k)
  • VA Healthcare System Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)
  • 408(k)(6) Salary Reduction Simplified Employee Pension Plans
  • SIMPLE (Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees)

Many employees opt to spread their maximum contributions over the full year; there is a calculator online in Wolverine Access to help you determine how much to contribute per paycheck to your SRA, Roth SRA, 457(b), and/or Roth 457(b). Log in to Self Service > Benefits and select “Calculate Ret. Contribution”.

  • The panel will display “Projection Date For: 01/01/2014” to indicate it is calculating your 2014 limit.
  • Clicking “Recalc for Next Year/Current Date” will display zeros until 2015 limits become available.
  • You may view this panel at any time throughout the year. 

Use Self Service > Benefits to Make Changes Anytime

If you wish to make changes to your Basic, SRA, and/or 457(b) plans, you may do so by logging on to Wolverine Access and using Self Service > Benefits > Initiate Ret Savings Elections. You may change your contribution amount at any time throughout the year, limited to once per pay period.

Effective Date of Changes

Subject to deadlines, Basic/SRA elections are generally effective with your next available paycheck, which may be within the same month you are initiating the election. Elections for the 457(b) are always effective the month following that in which you initiate an election.

The effective date will appear after you select which plan type (Basic/SRA or 457(b)) you are changing, so you can review it before you actually initiate the election. Remember you may only make one change to each plan per pay period (457(b) once per month).

Once you submit any changes and finalize your contribution amount(s), you will receive an immediate confirmation of your election.  You are encouraged to print this confirmation for your records. If you do not receive a confirmation number via email immediately after completing the election process, you have not properly submitted and finalized the election.

How to Use Self Service > Benefits

Detailed IRS Max Limit Handbook


Next: Frequently Asked Questions


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